MySQL is a highly versatile, secure and very capable relational database system that is used for all kinds of applications. Anyone who has used it would agree that it offers excellent tools and features, hence an exceptional cost/benefit ratio, not just because it is a free database management system, but also because it has modest hardware requirements.
Should a time come when your first database management system choice may not work out, or you just want to give something new a try, here are five of the best alternatives to MySQL.
1. MariaDB MariaDB is possibly the closest anyone can get to using MySQL without actually using it, largely because it was developed by the same team that created MySQL. What makes this database system most preferred over other MySQL alternatives is that it is easy to install and use and it comes with core components of MySQL including server optimizations, alternate storage engines, and patches. It is a very secure in that it merges all MySQL patches with every update, and major releases coming every nine months.
MariaDB has one major downside: the database system does not have a password complexity plugin which makes it less safe.
2. Postgre SQL Another highly recommended alternative to MySQL is Postgre SQL. It is also an open-source database management system boasting of 15+ years of active development. If you are looking for a database program that is customizable enough to allow developers to define their own custom data types, while supporting operators and functions within the framework, then Postgre may be just what you are looking for. The system offers advanced tools and features such as a rules (query rewrite) system, database events and table inheritance among others.
With Postgre, a developer has the option to run procedures stored in up to 11 different programming languages including Python, Java, C, C++, Perl, Ruby, Tcl, and its own pgSQL or PL. Note, however, that this DBMS reportedly encounters problems in environments with high transaction rates.
Since it debuted in the year 2000, SQLite has grown to become the most widely used database management system in the world. It is so dependable that some top tech companies including Facebook, Google, Microsoft, and Apple use it exclusively. Each release guarantees improved security and reliability and the developers of the system are known to be honest and straightforward about any of its potential shortcomings.
The top reasons why SQLite is so popular is that it does not have any separate server process, it has a cross-platform file format, and a compact library that performs faster with more memory. However, this system is not suitable for use in high volume websites, large datasets, or in client/server applications. Note that SQLite also does not come with a user management.
When it was founded in 2007, MongoDB was referred to as 'the database for giant ideas' and it was backed by Intel Capital, Fidelity Investments, and The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc. among others. What made this system a hit among developers and end users is its document validation capabilities, unique encrypted storage engine and the fact that it is an open source system.
MangoDB is mostly used on mobile applications, content management systems, and product catalogs thanks to its real-time in-memory storage engine, and ease of use. When you try this DBMS, you will discover that it does not require unified data structures and has a short time between primary failure and recovery.
Firebird, though relatively unknown to many, is a relational database that has been around since 1981, albeit under different production names. This database is capable of running on Windows, Linux and other Unix platforms and features many ANSI SQL standards that earned it a place on this list. Some of its best features include real-time monitoring using Trace API, support for four different architectures (Classic, SuperClassic, Embedded and SuperServer,), and it offers a variety of commercial development tools including IBObjects and FIBPlus.
There are a number of tools, options, and features that the Firebird offers that MySQL does not offer such as event notifications based on stored procedures and database triggers. However, it does not offer integrated replication support, it does not have temporary tables, and lacks integration with other database systems.
Which of these five database management systems is your favorite MySQL database system alternative?
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